information technology and turkey


After information technology has become a vital part of our daily lives, awareness of media literacy has increased in Turkey. With the rise of globalisation, the structure of media ownership in Turkey changed under the pressure of new media technologies and commerce.

Since Turkey is still a developing country with a high degree of dependency on the global media, Turkish citizens’ increasing level of critical thinking through the media literacy would be the core element to expand the culture of democracy.

Media literacy has been widely debated in Turkey since the early 2000s. Information technology has become a part of law system since 2007.

Even the Turkish law system include general iframes which are necessary for the safety of citizens, Turkish Law system in terms of the information technology is not coherent and clear .  For example it is not enough to define the iframe of online criminal activities.

Therefore Turkish law system includes parts that make censorship legal. As far as i can tell online crime prevention is generally all about blocking the web site. But crime prevention policy must include a compehensive approach. Temporary solutions like blocking the web site can not be beneficial for citizens.

But i think my country have promising projects that can create efficient results. Today, Media literacy classes have appeared in the secondary school curriculum as an optional subject since 2006 with the cooperation of RTÜK (Radio and Television Supreme Council).  In my opinion media literacy education can make a significant impact on information technology related criminal issues. Also Media literacy education meets the needs of the students to be wise consumers of media and improve their critical thinking skills.

Therefore our goverment have started to develop strategies to prevent online scamming activities. There are Turkish commercials that are made by our government to warn people against scammers, but even with the effort that they made, activity of scammers are still highly common in Turkey.

In my opinion the strategies that the Turkish government choose are highly superficial. Texting every citizen of Turkey and writing that they should not believe the people who introduce themselves as members of the police department is not an efficient way to stop crime. Because scammers can easily change their methods. This type of solution only improve creative thinking skills of criminals.

As a result Turkey needs a comprehensive legal framework about information technology to safeguard human rights and prevent crime and abuse. Authorities should foster the availability of communication networks and digital services for everyone. Thereupon media literacy education must be a part of educational system.

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